Profile of the Uninsured
Using the most recent statistics available, the Virginia Health Care Foundation’s 2016 Profile of Virginia’s Uninsured provides a detailed picture of the Commonwealth’s uninsured. The report utilizes the most recent in-depth data available (2014/2015).
- 12.5 percent of Virginians under age 65 are without medical insurance — equaling 874,000 uninsured Virginians.
- The vast majority of non-elderly uninsured (75.8%) are part of working families.
- Nearly half (48.6%) are part of families with at least one full-time worker. Another 19.2% are in families with at least one part-time worker.
- Nearly 40 percent of all uninsured Virginians live below the Federal Poverty Level (39.8%), and over 70 percent of uninsured adults have incomes at or below 200% of the Federal Poverty Level (72.2%).
- Just under half of the uninsured in Virginia are white, non-Hispanic: 44.7 percent are Caucasian/White, 24.6 percent are African American/Black, 20.6 percent are Hispanic, 7.2 percent are Asian/Pacific Islanders and 3 percent identify themselves as “other” or as a member of multiple racial groups.
- By far, the greatest percentage of uninsured Virginians are U.S. citizens (76.9%).
For a thorough examination of the demographic characteristics of Virginia’s uninsured, see:
What is the impact of being uninsured?
- Their health suffers severely: Uninsured Americans have lower five-year survival rates, a higher likelihood of being diagnosed with late-stage cancers, a far lower rate of receiving important screening tests, and are more likely to have preventable hospitalizations. (Source: Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured)
- They do not receive the care they need: Low-income uninsured adults in Virginia are much less likely than low-income insured adults to receive care or to have a usual source for health care, and are more likely to have unmet health needs. (Source: Virginia Health Care Insurance and Access/VHCIAS, 2004)
- Their medical needs are unmet: Almost 60 percent of low-income uninsured adults had an unmet need for care in the last year because of the financial difficulty of paying for health care.
- Their children fare more poorly: Uninsured children fare worse than insured children on medical care use measures. Just over 27 percent of uninsured children had no medical care in the previous 12 months compared to 10 percent of insured children. (Source: The State of Kids’ Coverage, SHADAC, 2006)
The 2016 Profile of Virginia’s Uninsured was prepared for the Virginia Health Care Foundation by the Urban Institute and was completed in May 2016. For more information on the study, methodology or results, contact VHCF at 804/828-5804.